The Conflict

Information source

Map of Nuba Mountains
In July 2011 the newest country in the world, the Republic of South Sudan, celebrated independence. But across the new border, in the Sudanese state of South Kordofan the people are living on the frontline, trapped in a war zone and deprived of their rights to basic humanitarian aid. As warplanes bomb civilian areas and intense fighting continues, thousands of innocent people are being displaced from their homes.

The Arab government in Khartoum has been oppressing, marginalizing and murdering innocent Sudanese civilians for decades. The National Congress Party (NCP) led by President Omar Bashir is driven by a fanatical Jihadist ideology, which has fueled ethnic cleansing in Darfur and other parts of the country. Glaring evidence of genocide in Darfur led to the International Criminal Court issuing an arrest warrant for Omar Bashir; he has been accused of acts of Genocide and is currently indicted for multiple counts of crimes against humanity and war crimes. As the international community continues to search for a solution to the ongoing conflict in Darfur, the same pattern of ethnic cleaning, violence and deprivation is now playing out in the state of South Kordofan. The Nuba Mountains have become the “New Darfur”.

Because of its reserves of oil, South Kordofan was excluded from the referendum on independence, so it remained in Sudan when South Sudan was formed. South Kordofan was only granted a so-called “popular consultation”, which would allow citizens to hold free elections and make their own choices regarding religion and human rights, but…Bashir broke this promise. Instead, of freedom, the people of South Kordofan are being methodically exterminated.

The Nuba Mountains are the focal point of the conflict in South Kordofan. The Nuba is chiefly inhabited by a cluster of peoples indigenous to the area. They are “black” and “African”, followers of Christianity, Islam and traditional religions, but their homeland is within the political boundaries of northern Sudan ruled by an “Arab” government intent on wiping out the local population and taking control of their land and ultimately, the oil.

Sudan’s military have been carrying out almost daily indiscriminate aerial bombardments using Antanov bombers. These bombings have targeted civilian populations and have even been directly aimed at schools. Sudanese army troops and Arab militia groups (armed by the NCP) have raided villages, burning crops, destroying homes and murdering innocent civilians.

The only line of defense for the civilian population is the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), a resistance force made up of the fathers and brothers of the Nuba people. The SPLA, while courageous and determined, is under-equipped and has no way of defending against Sudan’s air force. Khartoum has but a blockade on any supplies arriving into Nuba including humanitarian supplies such as medicine and food. The humanitarian crisis is spiraling out of control.

“Save Nuba” is the campaign to bring awareness to the atrocities being committed in the Nuba Mountains and South Kordofan. We aim to give the people of Nuba a voice. Our goal is to arouse enough international pressure to bring about an immediate no-fly-zone, and ultimately, to put a stop to the attacks. Your voice counts; please check the “Take Action” page to see how you can be a part of Saving Nuba.

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NRRDO interventions

  1. Emergency Humanitarian support ;  Save lives and protect Livelihoods and improve food security. Cash transfer, food distribution, NFI distribution, Protection and disaster risk reduction, seeds and tools provision, groups income generating schemes, blacksmith support, water supply, animal health service.  Currently 300,000 people are in dire need emergency humanitarian relief. In addition to food and Non-Food Item kits, continuing a massive, regionally-innovative cash distribution programme – which saw $2.5 million given to 12,000 households last year – will contribute to saving lives. Self-reliance must be built at the same time through measures to stabilise farming and household level food production
  2. Peace Building and Governance;  The Nuba People’s Conference collectively defined key political, socio-economic and cultural resolutions. Now, we will strengthen governance institutions and train leaders to make sure aspirations are met. Civic education will seek to tackle underlying causes of conflict  with in the Arabs and the Nuban.
  3. Primary health: Improved  access to basic health services.  In the context of severe drug and health personnel shortages and the bombing of hospitals, NRRDO is distributing emergency health kits to clinics. We need to rehabilitate 177 centres and build the capacity to respond to disease-outbreaks and soaring malnutrition.
  4. Education:  Improved access to quality primary and secondary education in Nuba. Beyond relief, education is the Nuba people’s number one priority. They will not accept another lost generation after the last war left 78% of the population illiterate. NRRDO run 179 primary schools for almost 40,000 pupils. But this still leaves a further 40,000 children out of school. We need to stabilize, then scale up, and bring a sense of normality to childhoods that are anything but
  5. Gender and Women development: Inclusion and active participation of women, girls, men and youth on issues affecting their lives in Nuba Mountains. Women bear the brunt of war through marginalization, increased care demands and inability to earn income. We will provide psycho-social support and business training, promote adult literacy and gender rights
  6. Voice of Community Radio: Improved  coverage, scope  and quality of radio programs on education , health and other social issues.

Some of Our Recent Projects


Congratulations to Year 2014, P8 students. Highest number of students ...

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Gender & Women development

Goal: Inclusion and active participation of women, men and youth (girl...

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Community radio

GOAL: Improved Access to quality, Relevant and Timely information for ...

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Emergency support, Food security & Livelihood

 Goal:  Improved Food Security among IDPs and the vulnerable househ...

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Peace building and governance

Goal;           Improved governance, political tolerance, sta...

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Goal:   Improved access to basic health care for IDPs, pre and post ...

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